Pilibhit is one of the few well-forested districts in Uttar Pradesh. According to an estimate of the year 2018, Pilibhit district has over 800 km2 (310 sq mi) forests, constituting roughly 23% of the district’s total area. Forests in Pilibhit have at least 65 Tiger and a good prey base which includes five species of deer viz. Spotted Deer, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, and Sambhar deer for their survival. Variety and variability of life on Earth. It has typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level.
This reserve is one of the finest examples of the highly diversified and productive Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands eco-system. The forest vegetation is of the North Indian moist deciduous type, having the finest sal Shorea robusta forests of the country. The Terai forests and grasslands constitute habitat for over 127 animals, 556 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants. The sal woodland is very dense with good natural regeneration, amounting to almost 76% of the reserve area. The forest patches are interspersed with grass meadows with several like Saccharum, Sclerostachya, Imperata, Themeda, Bothriochloa, Vetiveria, Apluda, Dichanthium, Digitaria and Cyperus. The grasslands are subjected to seasonal flooding water l Broadly, such waterlogged grasslands and water bodies constitute the wetland of the habitat.
The habitat has rich faunal diversity, having 5 out of 7 deer species found in the country. Besides, there are some critically endangered species such as the Bengal florican and his As many as 13 species of mammals, 9 species of birds and 11 species of reptiles/amphibians found in the reserve are endangered and listed in the Schedule I of the Wildlife (Prot Act, 1972. The major faunal species are Royal Bengal Tiger, leopard, fishing cat, leopard cat, swamp deer, spotted deer, hog deer, barking deer, blackbuck, sambar, sloth bear, fox, short-nosed fruit bat, Indian common yellow bat, painted bat, rhesus macaque, common langur, porcupine, small Indian civet, jackal, Indian fox, hyena, rattle. As many as 450 birds have been observed which includes a large number of residents. The common resident birds include darter, lesser whistling duck, combed duck, grey partridge, black partridge swamp partridge, peafowl, red jungle fowl, cormorants, egrets, herons, 3 species of hornbill, 6 species of eagle, Saras crane and several others. Reptiles are well represented with lizards, several species of snakes, freshwater crocodile and Gharial. The river system harbor around 79 species of fishes.